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World News Summary: ‘Horrifying’ attacks in Kharkiv, pleas for support for Myanmar civilians, maritime court steps up climate action, civil protection

Denise Brown said the lives of civilians must be protected in the conflict by all sides, but in Kharkiv in recent days they were instead being targeted in their homes, with the authorities Businesses and transportation routes were damaged and attacked.

“My thoughts are with the families who have lost loved ones as a result of the strikes,” she said, adding that as a result of the “appalling” attacks, thousands of civilians, including some the elderly and people with disabilities, have been forced to relocate. run away “leaving your whole life behind”.

Support for displaced people

The United Nations and humanitarian partners have been supporting evacuees from remote villages in Kharkiv, near the Russian border, Ukraine’s second city.

United Nations Children’s Fund UNICEFTop Ukrainian official Munir Mammadzade said UN News Wednesday that “each resettlement or relocation is a lifelong trauma for these children.

“They have been hurt since the war escalated. Front-line areas were frequently attacked and shelled. They were experiencing mental health problems.”

International action ‘vital’ to save thousands of Rohingya lives in Myanmar’s Rakhine state

Thousands of innocent lives will be lost if the international community does not respond to “worrying signs” of another bloodbath against minorities, an independent United Nations human rights expert has said. Muslim Rohingya population in Myanmar’s Rakhine state. said on Thursday.

United Nation Eastern Human Rights Association-The special rapporteur appointed to oversee Myanmar, Tom Andrews, said the world “seems to be failing desperate people in their hour of danger amid an unnatural disaster fueled by hate takes place in real time”.

Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled systematic attacks by Burmese security forces in 2017, crossing the border into Bangladesh in what the then UN human rights chief described as “a textbook example about ethnic cleansing”.

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Mr Andrews said there had been alarming and credible reports of widespread killings, enforced disappearances and arson across northern Rakhine in recent days, prompting the international community to “ immediate emergency response.”

With many armed groups operating in Rakhine as rebels fighting the junta’s forces for control, he called on all fighters to comply with international humanitarian law.

“Emergency humanitarian aid delivery mechanisms must be established immediately and all parties must support robust aid delivery into Rakhine,” the expert said.

Maritime court issues ‘unprecedented’ ruling forcing countries to reduce emissions

A group of independent United Nations human rights experts on Thursday welcome The “unprecedented” ruling by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea earlier this week said that countries have an obligation to reduce carbon emissions.

The ruling said emissions that cause global warming are considered marine pollution. The ruling is the first of three cases seeking advisory opinions from international courts on climate change measures.

UN experts said the ruling “provides timely guidance” and clearly addresses human rights issues.

The court ruled that states have an obligation to protect the marine environment from the impacts of climate change and ocean acidification.

Small victories, big consequences

It is seen as a major victory for small island developing states on the frontline of climate change who are gathering in Antigua and Barbuda next week for a major conference to chart a path to development. sustainable development.

Experts say the obligations placed on states under maritime law are “necessary to mitigate and adapt to climate change and to be addressed effectively and equitably by healthy ecosystems.” The three-planet crisis is undermining the effective enjoyment of human rights.”

The Special Rapporteur and other United Nations human rights experts are not employees of the United Nations and are independent of any government or organization.

Protecting civilians must be more important than ‘narrow interests’

Marking Protection of Civilians Week, UN aid chief Martin Griffiths called on world leaders to “pave the way out of narrow interests” towards a protected future for everyone.

He said that “it is important to go beyond compliance [with international humanitarian and human rights law]: strive to fully protect civilians from all harm.”

This year marks its 25th anniversary Security Councilmade the protection of civilians an agenda item and commemorated the 75th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions.


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