Your Friday Briefing – The New York Times
World leaders and climate activists are looking to Egypt to the UN’s annual climate negotiationsstarting on Sunday.
Two weeks of negotiations to be held at COP27 take place at a tense time. Are from meeting last year in Scotland, only 26 out of 193 countries agreed to step up their climate actions already with more ambitious plans.
To get a sense of the stock, we spoke with colleague Lisa Friedman.
What is the main topic?
Countries last year that failed to deliver on the enhancement targets were expected to do so before COP27. And protecting vulnerable countries will really be high on the agenda.
We will hear a lot about this topic from small island nation those are the canaries in the coal mine when it comes to climate change, as well as from very vulnerable countries in Asia and Africa.
Chances are we’ll see developing nations take a strong stance and call on rich nations to compensate for a problem these poorer countries don’t cause but they have to solve.
How will the war in Ukraine affect the negotiations?
Many countries find it difficult to move forward this year with their climate commitments.
Germany is move towards coal. President Biden is based on oil-producing countries to produce more oil in the short term. And the European countries are push African countries to develop more gaswhen, just a few years ago, you saw Europe pressuring Africa to focus on renewable energy.
But many leaders make the point that one can focus on short-term oil and gas supplies, and work toward phasing out fossil fuels. In fact, the International Energy Agency said last month that the war could really accelerate the transition to clean energy. COP27 will be a place where we will see if leaders are as serious about climate change as they are about their short-term energy needs.
Although this is the 27th meeting, climate change is still happening. Will anything change this time around?
I have average expectations. There are big COPs and small COPs, and about every 5 years there is a big decision-making protocol: Kyoto, Paris, Glasgow.
I expect there to be deals and agreements that move things further in the right direction. But what we’re looking for is whether governments will keep the promises they’ve made at these summits.
Winners and losers of Ethiopia’s peace deal
Ethiopia began taking steps towards peace yesterday, a day after the government and forces in the northern Tigray region agreed to a surprising end to hostilities that could end the civil war. The war lasted two years.
But experts say agreement has clear winners and losers: This appears to be a decisive victory for the Ethiopian government and it may be difficult for the leaders of the Tigray region to sell to their people.
Details: The agreement calls for the disarming of Tigray’s entire force within 30 days, according to a copy of the final agreement, which has not been published but was obtained by The New York Times. The agreement also paved the way for the Ethiopian federal army to take over all airports, highways and federal facilities in the Tigray region. These federal soldiers have been fighting against the Tigray people for the past two years, and some have been accused by the United Nations of committing atrocities comparable to war crimes.
Analysis: Kjetil Tronvoll, a scholar of Ethiopian politics at Oslo New University College, says that persuading the Tigrayan forces to “voluntarily disarm and render themselves invincible in the face of the enemy they fought in two years” would be “an extremely controversial issue.”
Story: Just before the peace talks began, the Ethiopian army captured several towns in Tigray – leaving Tigrayan negotiators in a weaker position in sensitive negotiations, analysts said.
Europe’s New Refugee Crisis
Europe has taken in 4.4 million Ukrainians this year, and in addition to more than 365,000 first-time asylum seekers, many threats are fleeing in Syria and Afghanistan.
That number is even more than 2015, highlighted by a landmark migration period in contemporary European history, when 1.2 million refugees fleeing wars in the Middle East arrived.
The new refugee crisis is raising uncomfortable questions about the distribution of refugees – and their unequal treatment – while raising concerns about expected more many Ukrainians. New humanitarian crisis there is a growing risk of political outbursts.
Can quote: “It will be a difficult winter in Europe, which is facing the largest forced migration since World War II,” said Hanne Beirens, director of the European Migration Policy Institute. “The conflict in Ukraine is protracted, and Ukrainians will stay longer.”
Text definition: The war in Ukraine forced more 14 million people have to leave their homesdo not say.
Around the world
The Coconut and Chocolate Bounty Bar is perhaps the most controversial confectionery in the UK. Realizing the candy’s less prominent reputation, Mars Wrigley said this week that it will test versions of its popular holiday chocolate collection without the confectionery. News stirring up a national debate.
SPORTS NEWS FROM ATHLETIC
What was promised and what is actually being delivered at the Qatar World Cup: Qatar’s 700-page bid book promises a lot about what will happen at the 2022 World Cup, But how many of them stand up to scrutiny??
World Cup participants give their views on Qatar: Australia became the first team to publicly call for the elimination of homosexuality in Qatar, But what do other countries say?? We have the answer.
Planes, trains and cars! Inside a crazy journey to the World Cup: What happens when you send two writers across 17 countries, on at least seven vehicles and over 4,000 miles to Qatar and the World Cup? We’re learning, in real time. Will they make it?
SPOTLIGHT ON AFRICA
Gabon’s experimental conservation efforts
For decades, Gabon has relied on oil to fuel its economy. But officials know their oil won’t last forever. So they turned to the country’s other bountiful resource – a rainforest in the vast Congo Basin, full of valuable trees – to make a difference when the oil ran out.
However, unlike Brazil and other countries that have faced the destruction of rainforests, Gabon has adopted strict rules designed to keep most of its trees standing.
The country banned the export of raw wood (France is a big buyer) and created tax breaks to attract furniture companies, plywood manufacturers and others to build factories and create jobs. The rules limit logging to just two trees per hectare, about 2.5 acres, every 25 years. And, to combat illegal logging, a new program tracks logs with barcodes.
Gabon’s aim is to strike a balance between the needs of a country and the needs of a world facing the climate crisis. This approach seems to be working, and other countries are copying aspects of Gabon’s plan, turning it into a potential blueprint to protect the rainforest.