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Without climate action, extreme weather will trigger global humanitarian needs |


The warning comes after Tropical Cyclone Emnati made landfall on Wednesday in one of Africa’s most storm-hit countries and just days before the release of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s report. (IPCC).

Four storms in one month

Cyclone Emnati is the fourth tropical storm to make landfall Madagascar in a month. Reports indicate that the storms – Emnati, Dumako, Batsirai and Ana – “have devastated the island nationcausing widespread damage to farmland, including rice crops just weeks away from harvest,” WFP.

Crops such as cloves, coffee and pepper are also seriously affected.

According to the United Nations food agency, WFP, an estimated 90% of crops could be destroyed in some affected areas – especially worrisome in a country where the majority of people make a living from agriculture.

‘Bound to relieve hunger’

Attacking vulnerable communities already at a breakthrough, tornadoes “will definitely increase hunger”including in southern Madagascar, which has been reeling from years of severe drought – another manifestation of the country’s vulnerability to extreme climate events, according to WFP.

With dry land in these areas, concerns about the risk of flash floods are growing.

What we are seeing in Madagascar is extreme climate impacts, a series of storms and protracted droughts affecting hundreds of thousands of people.‘ said Brian Lander, WFP’s Deputy Director of Emergencies.

Last December, there was 1.64 million people people who are food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance across the country.

Returning storms have also impacted market supply with the potential for food prices to skyrocket and food insecurity to increase in the coming months..

Forecasts say another tropical system has been forming in the southwestern Indian Ocean.

Need to adapt to the new reality

Mr. Lander continued: “While WFP is providing essential food after hurricanes, we also need to think quickly about how these communities will adapt to this new reality.


People on their way home in Behara, Amboassary district in the Grand Sud region of Madagascar, which is experiencing a historic drought.

Viviane Rakotoarivony for OCHA

People on their way home in Behara, Amboassary district in the Grand Sud region of Madagascar, which is experiencing a historic drought.

Although food and cash assistance is being sent to cushion the impact of recent hurricanes, as is IT and logistics support.WFP reiterates the importance of long-term climate adaptation to help communities prepare for, respond to, and recover from climate shocks and stresses.

For example, last year, WFP’s integrated risk management in the Ambovombe and Amboasary districts reached 3,500 smallholder farmers with training courses on insurance, savings and climate-resilient agricultural practices. Queen.

Feedback management, long term

The UN agency is calling for scaling up of long-term response programmes, especially for communities on the front lines of the climate crisis.

The WFP national strategic plan in Madagascar aims to promote an integrated, shock-responsive social protection system to ensure that vulnerable populations have access to nutritious food before, during and after crises. panic.

Cause global hunger

Meanwhile, the climate crisis continues to promote global hunger around the world.

In 2020, extreme weather contributed to most of the world’s food crises and was a major cause of severe food insecurity in 15 countries, the WFP concluded.

Recent reports shows an estimated 13 million people wake up from hunger every day in the Horn of Africa, as the region grapples with a major drought caused by its driest conditions since 1981.





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