The downward trend in the birth rate in the US has stopped in 2021, although the recorded increase has been small, according to data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Wednesday.
There have been 3,659,289 births recorded in 2021, up one percent from 3,613,647 in 2020. The 2020 figure is down two percent from 3,747,540 a year earlier.
While the one-percent increase isn’t particularly significant, it has helped reverse the downward trend in birth rates that the United States and many other Western nations have suffered in recent years.
It also signals that the COVID-19 pandemic may have played a role in birth rates – with many children conceived during confinement in 2020 having been born in 2020.
White and Hispanic Americans both recorded increased births from 2020 to 2021, especially as birth rates fell over the past two years despite sharp declines in other ethnic groups.
CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics data shows birth rates for 2019, 2020, and 2021 across racial groups and in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
White Americans account for just over half of all births in the US, with nearly 1.9 million of the 3.7 million coming from this group.
The next largest group is Hispanics – with 0.8 million births in 2020.
They are also the only two ethnic groups to record increases in birth rates from 2020 to 2021 – both with a slight increase of two percent annually.
Asian Americans and Native Americans both suffered sharp declines from 2019 to 2021, accounting for a large portion of the loss over a two-year period of 11% and 9%, respectively.
Black Americans also saw a drop in birth rates, down 6% from 2019 to 2021.
The changes between different states also vary widely. No US state has recorded an increase in births from 2019 to 2020 – no change was recorded in New Hampshire which is the highest mark of any state.
Several states experienced a sharp drop in individual birth rates during the first year of the pandemic.
In Wyoming, the number of births between 2019 and 2020 is down seven percent, the most of any state.
California and New York – two of the most populous US states that have clearly recorded population declines in recent years – both had their birth figures also drop 6% in those years. .
Hawaii also recorded a six percent drop from 2019 to 2020.
Florida, Illinois, New Mexico and Oregon all recorded declines of 5% after the end of the decade.
However, things start to pick up in 2021. While reports of a baby boom caused by the pandemic may have never really been conclusive, it’s clear that some changes have been made. occurs causing a sudden reversal in fertility trends.
Only seven US states have recorded a drop in birth rates between 2020 and 2021. With the lockdown in the US starting in March – nearly every child conceived during Covid’s strict regulation time was born in 2021.
The states in the Northeast – many of the states with the strictest and longest-lived Covid regulations – experienced a huge jump in births.
Connecticut and New Hampshire led the way, recording gains of 7% each.
Nearby Vermont also recorded a 5% increase in annual birth rates from 2020 to 2021.
Maine and Massachusetts – also in New England – both record a 4% increase in birth rates in 2021. Just south of the pair is New Jersey, which has similar numbers.
Also noting a four percent increase were Idaho, Montana, South Dakota and Tennessee.