Officially sponsored by Ukraine, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the UK and the US, the draft resolution presented to the Geneva forum highlights the key role governments play in combating disinformation. false.
It notes with concern, “the growing and far-reaching negative impact on the enjoyment and exercise of human rights of the deliberate creation and dissemination of false or manipulated information to deceive and mislead the audience, causing harm or personal, political or financial gain”.
Although China considers disinformation a common enemy of the international community, it refused to pass the draft resolution, arguing that there was too little emphasis on the root causes of fake news and the role it plays. role of human rights mechanisms.
Venezuela also refused to approve the text, citing bias and accusations that some sponsors of the draft resolution were behind disinformation campaigns.
Meanwhile, France asserts that disinformation is increasingly being used to attack human rights activists and journalists, and calls for greater coordination and efforts between countries to tackle it. this problem.
Recalling that message, India noted that social media companies have an important role to play in combating fake news, as its impact on our society is increasing.
For its part, Indonesia said fighting misinformation was a top priority, before stressing that policies are best designed by national authorities, taking into account cultural differences. chemical.
While misinformation is not new, modern digital tools and social media platforms have allowed malicious misinformation to be widely spread, before false facts have even become known. can be challenged and rejected.
On a global level, the dissemination of fake news emerged in the early months of COVID-19 pandemic, with unscientific treatments and anti-vaxxers attracting a large online following in the community of people who have take in by the proliferation of fake news and rumours.
In Colombia, the United Nations office there highlighted how several Latin American countries have been targeted by snaring WhatsApp messages that read: “Stay at home, the United Nations will bring food to you.” you” in exchange for sharing personal data.
“Of course it’s wrong. However, it has led some to come to the United Nations office, hoping to be given something to eat,” said Hélène Papper, head of the organization. UNIC Colombia.
Arousing faith in Ukraine
The issue has also surfaced in the Ukraine crisis and affects the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), which has said its life-saving work there has been undermined by a “disinformation campaign”. intentional and intentional deviation” to destroy the trust relationship. needed by humanitarians, to operate independently in war zones.
ICRC spokesman Ewan Watson told journalists in Geneva on Friday: “The false stories surrounding humanitarian work are very dangerous, and added that despite the disinformation campaign, The deviation is still happening, but “I’m relieved it hasn’t turned into inactivity”.
The Council’s decisions are not legally binding but carry the weight of the world’s elite body dedicated to the promotion and protection of human rights.