The IPCC, while releasing a “consolidated report” of six previous findings after 2015, said Monday that the planet will permanently warm by at least 1.5 degrees Celsius over the next two decades in all scenarios. .
Report says 1.5 degrees C warming has the potential to cause a trail of destruction around the world due to an increase in the number of extreme weather events and sea level rise caused by melting polar ice.
Given global “net zero” emissions by 2050 as a necessity to save the world from the disastrous consequences of climate change, the report makes a strong argument for cutting carbon dioxide emissions are almost half in 2030 compared to 2019 levels, with United Nations Secretary-General (UNSG) Antonio Guterres even proposing to phase out coal globally by 2040 and stop all open operations. Expansion of existing oil and gas reserves.
The report presented a desired path to further emissions reductions by mid-century and suggested various mitigation measures including adopting a low-carbon lifestyle – a form of endorsement for the child. India’s spirit Mission LiFE (lifestyle for the environment) has been marked by the whole country for a long time. since it was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year.
The report suggests that “a better understanding of the consequences of overconsumption can help people make more informed choices” – a key point of Mission Life, which calls for the world to change. from mindless consumption to conscious use of resources and living in harmony with nature.
“This report is a clear call for rapid climate efforts by every country, every sector, and across every time frame. The climate time bomb is ticking. But today IPCC report is a guide on how to defuse a climate time bomb. It’s a survival guide for humanity,” Guterres said.
“Humanity is on thin ice… and that ice is melting rapidly,” UNSG said in its speech, referring to all the danger signs of breaching the warm limit. 1.5 degrees Celsius could have more dire consequences globally. almost half of the population (3.3 to 3.6 billion people) now live in areas that are highly vulnerable to climate change.
In the wake of the IPCC’s findings, Guterres even presented an “accelerated agenda” to achieve a desired climate goal and urged countries to synchronize their “zero-level” emissions deadlines. ” to a global net zero by 2050.
He suggested that developed countries must “commit to net zero as close as possible by 2040”. Similarly, he called for emerging economies like India and China to reach net zero as close as possible by 2050. India currently has a target of net zero by 2070 while China has a target. be carbon neutral by 2060.
“This ‘synthesis report‘ underscores the urgency of taking more ambitious action and shows that, if we act now, we can still ensure a sustainable future worth living for all, “IPCC President Hoesung Lee said after the publication of the report in Interlaken, Switzerland.
The United Nations Climate Change Executive Secretary (UNFCCC), Simon Stiell, expressed similar hope, saying it was “not too late (to take the necessary action)”.
“The IPCC clearly demonstrates that it is possible to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius with rapid and deep emissions reductions across all sectors of the global economy. It has given us many viable, low-cost mitigation and adaptation options to scale across sectors and countries,” he said.
The combined report will set the stage for the 28th session of the United Nations climate conference (COP28) to be held in Dubai, UAE later this year. It will now be a fundamental policy document to shape climate action through negotiations through 2030 as Lee says it will be “a much-needed textbook to tackle the problem.” climate change” for policymakers today and tomorrow.