High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet appeals to the authorities declare was released after Saturday’s mass execution, to “bring the country’s anti-terrorism law fully in line with international standards”.
The beheadings exceed a total of 67 executions believed to have taken place across the country in the whole of last year.
Of those killed on March 12, Ms. Bachelet said she understood that 41 Muslims of the Shiite minority took part in anti-government protests between 2011-12, calling for participation. more political.
The other seven are Yemeni and one is a Syrian.
“Our monitoring indicates that some of those executed were sentenced to death after trials that failed to satisfy fair trial and due process.and for those crimes that do not seem to meet the most serious crime threshold, as required by international law,” she said.
The High Commissioner also expressed concern that some of the executions appear to be related to the ongoing armed conflict in Yemen, between the Houthi rebels and the Saudi-led coalition that backs government forces. recognized economy.
Possible war crimes
International human rights and humanitarian law prohibits the execution of the death penalty after trials that fail to provide the necessary “guarantee of a fair trial” and “could turn out to be a war crime”, the UN rights chief said. United Nations reminder.
Furthermore, the death penalty is “inconsistent with fundamental principles of human rights and dignity, the right to life, and the prohibition of torture.”
She said that failure to provide loved ones with information about the circumstances of their loved ones’ execution “could represent torture and ill-treatment”.
“The authorities should return the bodies of the executed to their families”, highlighted the top human rights official of the United Nations.
Ms. Bachelet expressed concern about the extremely broad definition of terrorism in Saudi law, including nonviolent acts deemed “endangering national unity” or ” undermine the reputation of the State.”
“This risks criminalizing those who exercise the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly,” she warned.
Despite the global abolition of the death penalty, Saudi Arabia is still among the 38 countries that continue to carry out the death penalty.
“I urge the Saudi authorities to stop all executions, immediately institute a moratorium on the imposition of the death penalty and reduce the death penalty for those on death row.“Concluded the High Commissioner.