In addition to the deaths, during an opposition protest against military regulation on September 28, women and girls were raped, after security forces blocked the entrances to the courtyard. campaigning in Conakry, before shooting. Some protesters were shot dead, or brutally attacked with knives, while others were trampled to death.
#ICC Prosecutors #KarimAAKhanKC dealing with groups of survivors and others in the courtroom in Conakry, #Guinea before opening a trial for the alleged crimes committed in September 2009. “On this important day, I salute the people of Guinea, the survivors and the bereaved.” pic.twitter.com/VNDXIKAFet
– International Criminal Court (@IntlCrimCourt) September 28, 2022
UN Secretary General António Guterres said he took note of the start of the trials, saying the families of those killed and those who witnessed the events that day, “Been waiting for justice for so many years. “
In a statement issued by his Spokesperson, Mr. Guterres reaffirmed the commitment of the UN to support efforts aimed at uphold justice and accountability.
“He called on the authorities to ensure that the trials are conducted in accordance with the due process of the law, in order to the perpetrator is held accountable and the victim receives compensation. “
Guinea’s former military ruler, Moussa Dadis Camara, was in the docks, along with ten other officials, all charged with responsibility for the soldiers who allegedly carried out the massacre and other crimes on that day.
“The Secretary-General urges the authorities to further ensure that human rights are respected throughout the country’s political transition,” the statement said. “Shedemonstrate the United Nations’ solidarity and support for the region’s efforts accompanied by a return to constitutional order in Guinea. “
‘Sexual mutilation and slavery’
United Nations Acting Head of Human Rights, Nada Al-Nashif, also welcome at the start of the proceedings, noting that many of the 156 people who disappeared or were killed during the peaceful protest were tortured to death, with their bodies buried in mass graves.
Leader OHCHR added that at least 109 girls and women have been subjected to sexual violence, “including sexual mutilation and sexual slavery. “
UN 2009 Investigative Committeeconcludes that there is a “strong assumption that crimes against humanity have been committed“and that there are “reasonable grounds for suspecting the individual’s criminal responsibility”.
13 years of waiting
“Victims and their loved ones have been waiting for 13 years for truth, justice and compensation. Today the beginning of this long-awaited trial is a important step for Guinea in the fight against punishment‘ said Mrs Al-Nashif.
Following the events, the United Nations Commission of Inquiry, with the support of the United Nations Office for Human Rights, was tasked with establishing the facts and circumstances of the events, and identifying those take responsibility and make recommendations.
“Since 2009, We have advocated for fair and independent trials. We urge all relevant authorities to ensure that this important trial is conducted in a victim-sensitive manner, consistent with international standards and due process.” high authorization more.
“Accountability is essential for wound healing and reconciliation.
‘Only the Beginning’: ICC Prosecutor
The Prosecutors afterward International Criminal Court (ICC), Karim Khan, spoke to groups of survivors and others in the courtroom on Monday in Conakry, before the proceedings began, and said “on this important day, I salute you Guineans, survivors and bereaved people.”
The beginning of the test, he added, is “just the beginning”. “My office will be watching closely. The claim that innocence is vital to justice. This trial does not just rest on the shoulders of the judges and the parties. It is the collective responsibility of the people of Guinea.”