She cites the relentless shelling and shelling of many cities in Ukraine, with civilians being killed daily, as well as credible reports that Russian forces are using cluster munitions – including in densely populated areas.
‘Vibration to its core’
The Russian invasion has shaken the foundations of the European security architecture.
OSCE was born in 1975 within the framework of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki, Finland. It currently has 57 participating countries and serves as an important platform for regional dialogue and negotiation on issues such as counter-terrorism, cybersecurity and good governance.
The OSCE also undertakes a wide range of tasks across Europe, including election support, border management and human rights monitoring.
Recalling the organization’s history and its growing partnership with the UN, Ms. DiCarlo said today’s tragic conflict in Ukraine vividly illustrates the importance of mechanisms to maintain and strengthen European and international peace and security.
OSCE in Ukraine
The UN has always supported OSCE’s work in Ukraine.
That includes the impartial, unarmed Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine – deployed there in 2014 at Kyiv’s request – and the OSCE’s participation in the Tripartite Contact Group, a diplomatic group including Ukraine and the Russian Federation.
Among other things, Ms. DiCarlo warned the Council that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine risks undermining longstanding confidence-building measures, arms control treaties and other frameworks in Europe. . Such internationally supported processes are now openly questioned by stakeholders.
Amid dire humanitarian conditions, the UN is increasing its support for the people of Ukraine and is committed to key partners, including the OSCE, to support an immediate ceasefire and a solution. permanent diplomacy.
“The challenges we face today and the challenges that lie ahead require us to cooperate even more closely,” she concluded, emphasizing that all countries are role in the outcome of the current crisis.
‘Worst case scenario’
Also reporting to the Council was Zbigniew Rau, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland and current Chairman of the OSCE Office.
“On the morning of February 24th, the worst-case scenario became reality,” he said, noting that the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation had broken the belief that war in Europe in the past.
He said Russian forces were targeting civilian targets in an attempt to break the will of the people, attacking schools and hospitals with internationally banned weapons, and described the attacks. that are reprehensible and consider them equivalent to “state terrorism”.
In the days and weeks since, he said, some Russian officials have accused him of being unfair.
Russia’s ‘blatant violation’
To that, he replied: “Justice ends when a flagrant violation of international humanitarian law begins.” Stressing the OSCE’s obligation to maintain its integrity and integrity, he said the door to diplomacy remained open, and called on Moscow to engage in dialogue to end the crisis peacefully. .
However, Mr. Rau warned that any party that violates or is complicit in war crimes will be held accountable.
On March 3, the OSCE decided to invoke its Moscow Mechanism, forming an independent expert group to investigate reported violations of humanitarian law in the context of hostilities in Ukraine.
“The perpetrators will be judged by their actions, but we will be judged by how we react to these horrors,” he stressed, calling on the international community not to should be silent.