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Too BlackOr Just Too Poor? — Global Issues


UN photo / Pernaca Sudhakaran
  • by Baher Kamal (Madrid)
  • Associated Press Service

Just three days ago this year Nelson Mandela International Day (July 18), a group of independent UN human rights experts condemned reports of escalating violence against foreign nationals in South Africa.

Known as Special procedure of the United Nations Dong Nhan Quyen AssociationHuman rights experts warn that the xenophobic campaign is “wider and deeper”, and has become a central campaign strategy for several political parties in the country.

Operation Dudula

In a statement released on July 15, 2022, independent UN human rights experts cited “Operation Dudula” as an example for the spread of hate speech.

Originally a social media campaign, Operation Dudula has become an umbrella for mobilizing “violent protests, vigilance violence, arson attacks against homes and businesses owned by people.” possession, and even the murder of foreign nationals.”

According to human rights experts, xenophobia is often clearly racist, targeting black migrants and low-income refugees, and in some cases, South African citizens accused of being “too black to be South African”.

Inequality

South Africa is one of the most unequal countries in the world, according to a World BankThe report is titled ‘Inequality in South Africa’.

The report highlights a consistent level of inequality where 10% of the population owns more than 80% of the wealth.

Of its 60 million inhabitants, “an estimated 10 million people in South Africa live below food poverty linewhile unemployment rate is at a record high of nearly 40% among black South Africans according to Statistics South Africa. “

Poverty, unemployment and crime are arguably the biggest sources of controversy as Operation Dudula and its members believe that illegal aliens are the reason why public socioeconomic systems are not working. South Africa’s community did not benefit its native black majority.

The former colonies of impoverished Europe – who have also fallen victim to growing poverty and inequality -, South Africa’s neighbors – Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Lesotho – , which is ultimately the source of increased migration.

Provided by the Government

The UN special rapporteur on human rights said: “Anti-migrant discourse from senior government officials has fanned the flames of violence, and government agencies have failed to stop the violence. further or blame the perpetrators”.

According to the National World Bank reviewSouth Africa’s economy was already in a weak spot as it entered the pandemic after a decade of low growth.

From 2021, the recovery is expected to continue into 2022, with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth projected at 2.1% and averaging 1.7% over the medium term.

Commodity prices remain important for South Africa, a net exporter of minerals and a net importer of oil, however, increased investment, including foreign direct investment, will be important to promote growth. promote growth and create jobs.

The World Bank continues explain that South Africa has made significant strides to improve the lives of its people since its transition to democracy in the mid-1990s, but progress has stalled over the past decade.

The proportion of the population below the poverty line for the upper middle-income country fell from 68% to 56% between 2005-2010 but has since tended to increase slightly to 57% in 2015 and is expected will reach 60% by 2020.

Structural challenges and weak growth have undermined progress in reducing poverty, which has been heightened by the COVID-19 pandemic, the review added.

“Progress on household welfare has been severely limited by rising unemployment, which reached an unprecedented 35.3% in the fourth quarter of 2021. Unemployment is highest among youth from 15 to 24 years old, about 66.5%.”

In her detailed, well-documented article on IPS: Mythology Xenophobic Fuel Sentiment in South Africa, Fawzia Moodley also reported from Johannesburg on a study of World Bank: Mixed Migration, Forced Migration and Employment Outcomes in South Africa.

Ignoring the myth that foreign nationals are ‘stealing’ jobs from locals or are better off than locals is to find that “one migrant worker created about two jobs for local residents.” in South Africa from 1996 to 2011″.

Nelson Mandela

“Today, the world honors a giant of our time; a leader of unparalleled courage and high achievement; and a man of quiet dignity and profound humanity.” , the Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, said in his message on the occasion of 2022 Nelson Mandela International Day.

“Our world today is ravaged by war; overwhelmed by emergencies; ravaged by racism, discrimination, poverty and inequality; and threatened by climate catastrophe,” Guterres added.

“Let us find hope in the example of Nelson Mandela and the inspiration in his vision.”

Nelson Mandela has dedicated his life to serving humanity – as a human rights lawyer, a prisoner of conscience, an international pacifist and the country’s first democratically elected president. a free South Africa. See The life of Mandela & gt; & gt;. See more: Mandela Rules & gt; & gt;

“It is very easy to break and destroy. Heroes are peacemakers and builders. – Nelson Mandela.

Are there any politicians listening there?

© Inter Press Service (2022) – All rights reservedOrigin: Inter Press Service



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