“Fake news is not new. It’s on an unprecedented scale,” said Martin. “Lies have been told for thousands of years, but I don’t think they’ve ever become so sophisticated, believable, or so contagious.”
Today, as soon as a piece of misinformation pops up online, “you need to take it down within 30 minutes before it gains traction,” he says. Otherwise, it spreads through algorithms, and “an unquestioning spectator seems happy to be trapped in their own echo chamber.”
To pave the way for a better future, schools have a duty to “teach the pitfalls and benefits of social media” and “restore trust in a free press,” he added.
Ukrainian journalist Anna Romandash, who has covered war crimes and human rights abuses in her homeland since the Russian invasion in February, says Russia has taken information warfare one step further. .
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While in the past there were two facts – fake news, compared to the verified fact reported by a legacy media organization – now “a lot of state-sponsored propaganda, for example from Russia, not necessarily to create fake news, but rather to discredit the truth,” she said.
As a result, in Russia today, “there is no such thing as objective truth. There are so many different versions of different stories,” she added. That makes social media a “huge danger”, because some people, especially those who “may not have strong digital literacy skills”, cannot tell the truth from things. untrue.
Of course, the term ‘fake news’ has never been used more during Donald Trump’s presidency. Mr. Trump accused mainstream news organizations of spreading disinformation. Meanwhile, news organizations have documented instances where the president has conveyed false information. Even with Mr. Trump gone, journalism is still being challenged in America today.