To the west, Mali has experienced two coups in 2020 and 2021, and since then, the country’s military rulers have extended their stay in power. After promising to hold elections last February, their date was moved to 2026 and then back to 2024 after the regional bloc known as the Economic Community of West African States imposed put sanctions.
Further south, in Guinea, when Colonel Mamady Doumbouya, the military leader turned coup plotter, announced a transition period earlier this year lasting more than three years, opposition leaders condemn The move was seen as “a threat to the peace.”
Burkina Faso has experienced two coup for a period of eight months this year, and although new ruler, Ibrahim Traoré, agreed to his predecessor’s condition that he stick to an agreed timetable for the transition to democracy, but analysts say there is no guarantee that the promise will be kept. .
The protests and killings in Ndjamena come on the second anniversary of the massacre of young protesters in Chad’s southwestern neighbor, Nigeria. There, the security forces Open fire about protesters protesting against police brutality. Today, their family is still waiting for justicewhile dozens of protesters still languish in jail.
Chad, a country twice the size of France but with only a fraction of the population, nearly 18 million people, is linguistically and ethnically diverse, with about 120 indigenous languages as well as two official languages. Arabic and French.
During the 1980s, it was ruled by Hissene Habrea coup leader who later became president guilty about crimes against humanity, torture and sex crimes in a landmark case in Senegal. He was also overthrown in 1990 – by Idriss Déby, who ruled until his death 18 months ago.