“We and our partners remain deeply concerned about the impact of the reported skirmishes on civilians trapped in cities in eastern, northeastern and southern Ukraine, including Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Izyum, Donetsk, Mykolaiv and Mariupol”, The United Nations spokesman saidStéphane Dujarric, briefing reporter at UN Headquarters in New York.
Since February 24 when the invasion began, more than 10 million people have now been forced from their homes in search of safety and security – almost a quarter of Ukraine’s population.
This figure includes around 6.5 million internally displaced men, women and children, the UN migration agency said. IOMon Monday, and nearly 3.5 million people crossed international borders out of Ukraine for asylum, according to the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR.
IOM data shows that 13.5% of newly displaced people had some sort of relocation experience in 2014 and 2015, when the Russian military annexed Crimea from Ukraine, while supporting the separatist fighters in the eastern regions of Luhansk and Dontetsk.
“Many of them are particularly vulnerable people, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly, people with disabilities, and chronic illnesses. and those directly affected by the violence”, the IOM reported. More than 60% of surveyed household heads are accompanied by children and more than 53% of free migrants are women.
The agency says the most pressing needs include medicines, health services and financial resources. About 186,000 displaced people are third country nationals.
“The scale of human suffering and forced displacement as a result of war far exceeds any worst-case scenario.” IOM Director General António Vitorino said.
“Meeting the needs of internally displaced and stranded people in Ukraine is our top priority. Ours teams have reached thousands of people with essential aid, but we need the hostilities to stopto reach people in hard-hit areas. ”
Humanitarian organizations are concerned about the risks of human trafficking and sexual exploitation and the IOM has expanded its anti-trafficking measures, providing verified and secure information to refugees and third country nationals. three on the go.
Health care in the cross
The World Health Organization said it had verified six more reports of attacks on medical facilities in Ukraine on Sunday, Dujarric said.
“As of March 20, WHO verified 52 attacks on healthcare in 25 days. WHO notes that this is more than 2 attacks a day, emphasizing that this is, of course, unacceptable and that health care must always be protected.”, added the UN spokesman.
Food delivery continues
World food program, WFPreports that it has reached more than 330,000 people affected by the crisis in Ukraine with food assistance, since the Russian offensive began.
Food delivery to cooperative partners is also expanding, reaching more than 900 tons in the past days. In besieged Kharkiv, which has suffered heavy damage from Russian heavy weapons, WFP has doubled the distribution of bread through its partners, reaching nearly 78 tons to about 260,000 people.
In Kyiv – after delivering 26 tonnes of high-energy biscuits – WFP partners delivered about 325 tonnes of vegetable oil and 478 tonnes of flour to nearly 70,000 vulnerable people, Mr. Dujarric said, while in Dnipro , some 2.2 tons of mixed canned food were also distributed to the most vulnerable.
Chernobyl employees allowed to go home
At Ukraine’s Chernobyl nuclear plant, employees who had worked there non-stop since the invasion began, were finally allowed to return home by Russian military officers who now control the plant, giving way room for a new team.
Monday’s developments followed deep concerns expressed about the welfare of employees there, said Mario Grossi, head of the United Nations’ atomic energy agency, IAEA.
In one announced on sundayMr. Grossi said that they had done their important work “under extremely stressful and exhausting conditions with the presence of foreign military forces and without proper rest”.