“Every year of the last decade, the numbers go up,” said UNHCR Chief Filippo Grandi. “The international community works together to address this human tragedy, resolve conflicts and find lasting solutions, or This terrible trend will continue. ”
Today, one in 78 people on earth is displaced; It is a “impressive milestone“That few would have thought of a decade ago,” said UNHCR.
By the end of 2021, the number displaced by war, violence, abuse and human rights abuses will be 89.3 million, according to the agency’s annual figures. Global Trends report.
This number has increased by 8% compared to 2020 and “double the number of 10 years agothe report’s authors said, due to the increase last year led to many conflicts escalate “and new conflicts erupt”.
Driving without food hygiene
The figure of 100 million displaced people was reached in May, 10 weeks since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine resulted in a global shortage of grain and fertilizer from these major exporters that Union humanitarian The United Nations has responded with growing alarm.
When asked at a press conference in Geneva whether the ongoing global food insecurity crisis has the potential to push more people out of their homes, High Commissioner Grandi said he was “unbelievable”. imagine” how it could be.
“If you have a food crisis that includes… war, human rights (violations), climate, you name it; on top of that, if you have a food crisis, it will only accelerate the trends described in this report and we’ve seen an increase in the first few months of the year. “
This means that what countries are doing to combat rising grain and fuel prices is also paramount to preventing a greater number of people from moving, the head of UNHCR continued, If you ask me how much, I don’t know, but it could be quite large numbers.”
Displacement due to conflict
The United Nations agency, citing World Bank data, said a total of 23 countries with a combined population of 850 million face “medium-intensity or high-intensity conflict.”
Of the 89.3 million people who migrated globally last year, 27.1 million were refugees – 21.3 million people under the mandate of UNHCR and 5.8 million Palestinians under the care of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, UNRWA.
Again 53.2 million people have been internally displaced, 4.6 million asylum seekers and 4.4 million Venezuelans have no choice but to flee their country’s economic and political crisis.
Data from the UNHCR report highlights the important role the world’s developing countries play in sheltering displaced people, with low- and middle-income countries accounting for more than four-quarters of the population. five number of refugees in the world.
With 3.8 million refugees within its borders, Türkiye is home to the largest number of refugeesfollowed by Colombia, with 1.8 million (including Venezuelan citizens), Uganda and Pakistan (1.5 million each) and Germany (1.3 million).
Concerning their national population, The Caribbean island of Aruba is home to the largest number of Venezuelans displaced abroad (1/6), while Lebanon has the largest number of refugees (1/8), followed by Curaçao (1/10), Jordan (1 in 14) and Türkiye (1 in 23) ).
Woe to millions of people
Among the new humanitarian crises highlighted in 2021, UNHCR notes that conflicts in Tigray of Ethiopia The region has pushed at least 2.5 million more people to be displaced within their country, with about 1.5 million of them returning to their homes during the year.
In Afghanistan, the Taliban’s takeover of Kabul in August 2021 resulted in displacement within the country and into neighboring countries. UNHCR says the number of internally displaced people has increased for 15 consecutive years, even as more than 790,000 Afghans returned during the year.
Finally, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria and Yemen have seen an increase of 100,000 to 500,000 internally displaced people by 2021.