As of May 21, the World Health Organization (WHO) received reports of 92 laboratory-confirmed and 28 suspected cases from 12 non-endemic countries.
Several cases have been identified through sexual health clinics and investigations are underway.
Illness can affect anyone
According to WHO, available evidence suggests that the people most at risk are those who have had close physical contact with someone. monkey poxand that risk is not limited to men who have sex with men.
UNAIDS Calls for the media, government and community to respond with a rights-based, evidence-based approach to avoid stigma.
“Stigma and blame undermine trust and capacity to respond effectively in outbreaks like these,” said Matthew Kavanagh, UNAIDS Executive Vice President. “Experience has shown that defamation can rapidly neutralize an evidence-based response by triggering cycles of fear, driving people away from health services, hindering efforts to identify determine the circumstances and encourage ineffective sanctions”.
Mr. Kavanagh emphasized that the agency appreciates the LGBTI community for taking the lead in raising awareness about monkeypox and reiterating that The disease can affect anyone.
“This outbreak underscores the urgent need for leaders to strengthen pandemic preparedness, including stronger community-led capacity building and infrastructure,” he noted. human rights to support effective and non-discriminatory responses to outbreaks”.
The agency urges all media to report Monkey smallpox to follow WHO updates.
© CDC / Cynthia S. Goldsmith
More cases are expected
Over the weekend, the United Nations health agency said that as the situation progressed and surveillance expanded, more cases of Monkeypox were expected to be identified.
To date, all cases with confirmed samples by PCR has been identified as infected with West African ethnicity.
Genome sequencing from a swab sample from a confirmed case in Portugal shows a close match of the monkeypox virus causing the current outbreak, with cases exported from Nigeria to United Kingdom, Israel and Singapore in 2018 and 2019.
The WHO said the identification of confirmed and suspected cases of monkeypox without a direct travel link to an endemic area was a ‘highly unusual event’.
Monkeypox is a viral smallpox (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms very similar to those seen in previous smallpox patients, although the disease is less severe. clinically more important.
There are two groups of monkeypox viruses: the West African group and the Congo Basin group (Central Africa).
The name smallpox derives from the initial discovery of the virus in monkeys in a laboratory in Denmark in 1958. The first human case was identified in a child in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970.
The monkeypox virus is transmitted from person to person through close contact with lesions, bodily fluids, respiratory droplets, and contaminated materials such as bedding. The incubation period for monkeypox is usually 6 to 13 days but can also be 5 to 21 days.