Military solution for Syria is still an ‘illusion’: Pedersen – Global problems

For Geir Pedersen, despite continued violence and suffering, it became clear that “a military solution remains an illusion” and that no combatant could determine the outcome of the conflict.

Mr. Pederson also said that the Syrians continue to suffer deeply.

In the last month alone, they have had to deal with air raids, multiple bombardments and shelling across the front lines, an outbreak of hostilities in the northeast, continued violence in the South, a number of security incidents and a number of other incidents. increased security related to drug trafficking and terrorist attacks by ISIL. , among other threats.

Geir Pederson, United Nations Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Syria, speaking to the Security Council on April 30, 2019.


In recent days, an unprecedented terrorist attack in a escape for thousands of suspected ISIL arrests in Hasakah, has sparked massive clashes, with air strikes believed to have resulted in dozens of deaths.

According to the Special Envoy, The Syrian Democratic Forces run the prison, have regained control over the past few hours and all or most of the ISIL fighters appear to have surrendered.

Despite the positive developments, Mr. Pederson remains deeply concerned for the safety and security of the civilians trapped in this situation, many of whom have been displaced.

He is also aware of reports of ISIL members being locked up in juvenile dormitories that, in effect, use boys as human shields, leaving hundreds of children imprisoned. kept at risk of being detained.

He said: “Even if this particular ISIL insurgency may have been quelled, this episode will recall the horrific memories of the prison escapes that fueled ISIL’s initial rise in 2014. and 2015”.

For the Special Envoy, this is “a clear message” about the importance of uniting to counter the threat posed by international terrorist groups and to resolve the broader conflict that terrorism has faced. will definitely grow.

Humanitarian love

Siblings in a family tent in Alzhouriyeh makeshift camp, eastern countryside of Homs, Syria, after receiving winter clothes.

Meanwhile, the tragedy of the Syrian people is deepenhe say.

About 14 million civilians now need humanitarian assistance. More than 12 million people are still displaced – and many are now facing cold winter conditions.

Tens of thousands of people are detained, kidnapped or missing. Syria’s economy has collapsed. Crime and smuggling are flourishing.

Education is fragmented and severely degraded, as are institutions and infrastructure across the country. There are also reports of young people looking for any opportunity to leave the country, sometimes falling prey to traffickers and warlords.

“In fact, the country is still divided and the society is deeply fractured. The Syrians see no concrete progress towards a political solution,” Pederson said.


A displaced army camp covered with snow in the city of Selkin, northwestern Syria.

During last month’s visits to Tehran and Doha, the Special Envoy has continued to engage in all parts of the conflict.

Mr. Pederson also convened senior officials of key stakeholders for bilateral consultations in Geneva.

“My question to all interlocutors is the same: can you define not only what you ask for, but also what you are going to put on the table, in exchange for steps from the other side? no?”, said the Council member.

The special envoy said he would welcome any “new ideas” on issues such as detainees, humanitarian assistance and rehabilitation; conditions for returning refugees; and repair the economy and social fabric.

The ultimate goal, he explained, remains to create an environment where the constitutional political process can be unified and elections can take place under UN supervision, as scheduled. in Security Council Resolution 2254.

As part of this process, Mr. Pederson is trying to reconnect the Syrian-led, Syrian-owned, UN-backed organization Constitutional Committeebut he said the Commission’s work “remains disappointing” so far.

It’s a huge challenge to make real progress that can make a difference for the Syrian people, but it’s something we have to do.‘, he concluded.

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