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Mali reports progress in political transition, fighting terrorism – Global issues

The process of restoring civilian rule following the August 2020 military coup in the West African country will end in March 2024, when power will be transferred to elected bodies.

“I am pleased to emphasize that some significant progress has been made,” he said, referring to the passage of the electoral law, the establishment of an election administration body and the formation of a committee to draft a new Constitution.

Fight against terrorism

Turning to insecurity, Mr. Maïga said Mali is the only country in the world that is simultaneously confronting terrorism, inter-community conflict, cross-border organized crime and acts of violence. power of isolated individuals.

Along with the return to constitutional order, Mali is continuing to fight tirelessly against this insecurity and especially against the extremist groups responsible for all kinds of abuses, he reported. for our peaceful people.”

Mr Maïga said terrorist groups “have been severely weakened”, although adding that “these criminal groups can still cause harm to a certain extent in their desperate efforts to inflict a devastating blow”. strike our territorial integrity and terrorize our people.”

Military action, stable strategy

The government has stepped up efforts to recruit, train, equip and strengthen the national security force.

A “global integration strategy” that includes the provision of social services has been proposed, while another stabilizing strategy for the volatile Central region has also been recently approved.

He also provided an update on the peace agreement to end unrest that erupted in the North a decade ago, signed by the government and two coalitions of armed groups in 2015.

Following the recent meetings, there was a “strong signal” that the parties wanted to commit to a dynamic new process to achieve implementation, he reported.

‘The paradigm shift’ for the UN Mission

Mr. Maïga addresses the United Nations Mission in Mali, known by its French acronym MINUSMAwhose duties include ensuring security, protecting civilians, supporting political dialogue and reconciliation, and assisting in the re-establishment of State power.

He said the Mission’s goals have not been achieved after nearly 10 years in the country, and despite many Security Council resolutions.

“This is why the Government of Mali reiterated its request, expressed on several occasions, for the paradigm shift and adaptation of MINUSMA to the environment in which it is deployed, and the good alignment. between this mission and Malian authorities,” he said.

The interim prime minister also criticized France’s withdrawal of Barkhane counter-terrorism forces from Mali last year, declaring “my country has been stabbed in the back”.

He also accused the “French authorities” of violating Malian airspace “by sending aircraft such as drones, military helicopters and fighter jets more than 50 times, carrying information, weapons and ammunition medicine for terrorist groups.”

Ivorian soldiers captured

At the start of his speech, Mr. Maïga sparked an international response to the arrest of 49 soldiers from neighboring Côte d’Ivoire who entered Mali in July.

The soldiers were part of logistical support operations at MINUSMA, according to the Ivoire authorities.

(SOURCE: https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/08/1124692)

Mali said the soldiers went there without permission and were treated as mercenaries. Three have been released since then.

Mr. Maiga expressed his deep disagreement with the statements of United Nations Secretary-General Antônio Guterres reported in the media.

It is clear that the adjudicative nature of the violations surrounding this case is not within the jurisdiction of the UN Secretary-General.

He also spoke out against the statements of the head of the West African bloc ECOWAS, President Umaro Sissoco Embalo of Guinea-Bissau and the President of Niger, Mohamed Bazoum.

“We asked those who opposed our version to ask if they would accept the military’s anonymity by saying on their passports that they are painters or builders, who would come to the airport with weapons without knowing it. Do not notify destination country. he said.

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