By a vote of 13 to two, with Vice President Kirill Gevorgian of Russia and Judge Xue Hanqin of China disagreeing, ICJ judge that Russia “will immediately suspend military operations starting on 24 February”. ”
The court’s decision – the first issued by a ‘world court’ since the Russian invasion began – is in response to a February 27 lawsuit filed by Ukraine accusing Russia of manipulating the genocide to justify his military aggression.
Although the ICJ’s rulings are binding, news reports questioned whether Moscow would abide by the rulings and the courts had no direct means to enforce them.
In a tweet shortly after the ruling, the UN Secretary General António Guterres say majority decision “fully reinforces my repeated calls for peace.“
Make the case
The Court began by reiterating that, on February 26, Ukraine filed an application against Russia regarding a “dispute” regarding the interpretation, application and implementation of Genocide Convention.
Ukraine claims that having falsely declared acts of genocide against people in the Luhansk and Donetsk towers, Russia has declared and carried out a “special military operation” to prevent and punish the acts. vi has this purpose.
The ICJ demands that Russia immediately suspend the attacks and cease all military activities as they are based on Moscow’s stated purpose of preventing or punishing Ukraine for genocide.
The Court also noted that Russia decided not to participate in the oral proceedings and subsequently presented a document stating its position that in this case the Court lacked jurisdiction and requested that it ” does not indicate provisional measures and removes the case from the list.”
In delivering the ruling, the President of the Court, Joan Donoghue of the United States, indicated that necessary conditions had been met for the ICJ to have the authority to dictate interim measures, in particular, the rights afforded by Ukraine. claim to be justifiable and meet urgent conditions. where behaviors that cause irreparable prejudice can “occur at any time.”
“Indeed, any military operation, especially a large-scale operation carried out by the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine, will inevitably cause loss of life, mental and physical harm, as well as damage on property and environment“Chairman of ICJ said.
On behalf of the world court, she continued, “the civilians affected by the current conflict are extremely vulnerable”, adding that Russia’s aggression has resulted in “many deaths and injuries”. injuries … substantial physical damage, including the destruction of buildings and infrastructure”.
“The attacks are ongoing and are creating increasingly difficult living conditions for civilians. Many people do not have access to the most basic of food, potable water, electricity, essential medicines or heating. A large number of people are trying to flee the hardest hit cities in extremely unsafe conditions,” she explained.
The judges agreed on their orders that neither party should take any action that would “aggravate or prolong the dispute… or make it more difficult to resolve.”
Order summary can be found this.