Special Representative Helen La Lime, who also heads the United Nations Office in Haiti (BINUH), highlighting the need for structural reforms to tackle gang violence, tackle crime and corruption, strengthen the justice system, and sustainably transform the economy.
Miss speak. “Success will be determined by their collective willingness to compromise.”
Stress is reduced
She said the relative calm observed on 7 February – the day the late President Jovenel Moïse’s term will officially end – was a good sign, telling the ambassadors that the new Government, was announced on November 24, seems to have eased tensions.
And while we wait for the revised election schedule, BINUH The chief noted that momentum seems to be building around “a comprehensive, credible and effective Provisional Electoral Council”.
Bane of violent gangs
While, Gang violence “continues to plunge major urban centers into lawlessness and grief.”
“Armed criminal groups hold a strong hold on the economic and social lives of millions… They indiscriminately use kidnapping, murder, and gender- and sexual-based violence as a means of terrorizing the locals in the war to expand control over their territory, she explained.
Although the Haitian National Police have attempted to stem the tide of violent crime, the “stressed, understaffed and under-resourced police force alone cannot contain the alarming increase in crime on its own. the insecurity created by the gang,” she said.
In this context, the United Nations and the Government of Haiti have jointly determined to increase international support, typically the upcoming establishment of a multi-donor basket fund.
“The gang phenomenon cannot be solved through the police”, explained Ms. La Lime, further explaining the need for a law enforcement approach that incorporates greater control of illegal weapons and is complemented by socioeconomic projects and activities. reintegration” to create jobs and revenue in areas most affected by the scourge of gang violence. ”
‘Success brings hope’
The UN official commended the Haitian government for its national violence reduction strategy that, after years of closure, has led to the reopening of some schools in the Cité Soleil and La Saline neighborhoods. by Port-au-Prince.
“These successes provide hope that resolute and concerted government actions will lead to the provision of additional basic services to these communities, as well as their expansion into other communities,” she said. other area.
“Our continued support is crucial to the success of this endeavor.”
Success will be determined by … the collective willingness to compromise – United Nations Special Representative
Loopholes in the Law
Haiti also urgently needs to address the incurable phenomenon of punishment.
The special envoy cited the assassination of Monferrier Dorval in 2020, the 2018 massacre in La Saline and the “horrible assassination” of President Moïse, whose stalled murder investigation had exacerbated “both domestic suspicion and distrust”.
The Haitian justice system, she said, suffers from “serious structural weaknesses” that cripple the courts’ ability to “investigate, handle and adjudicate cases”.
And while modest signs of progress are encouraging, more action is needed on new criminal and penal codes, and to ensure that judicial reform can be sustained longer. .
Devastation earthquake in August last yearLa Lime, which has destroyed parts of the Southern Peninsula and killed 2,248 people, has added to the already dire humanitarian situation, Ms. La Lime said.
“It is estimated that 4.9 million people, or 43% of the country’s population, will need humanitarian assistance by 2022.”
Only until Wednesday international donor conferenceshe expressed her deep gratitude for the $600 million commitment to the Integrated Reconstruction Plan to rebuild heavily damaged areas.
WFP Haiti / Theresa Piorr
3 years without cholera
According to the Special Envoy, this month marks three years in a row with no laboratory-confirmed cholera cases in Haiti, a “watershed moment” that represents “an important step forward” towards eradication. disease in this country.
She noted the “unrelenting dedication” of the country’s frontline workers along with the partnerships of the United Nations, bilateral and multilateral organisations.
“While these collective efforts have been successful…the lack of impact and effectiveness of development aid… requires us to work together to develop a new approach, one based on deep coordination international efforts and a genuine partnership with the Haitian government and Haitian organizations,” she said. .Lime leaves.
In her closing remarks, she advised all Haitian leaders to engage constructively with each other to move the country toward elections and out of an “acute political and institutional crisis.” in which it was sunk.
And the international community must also continue to engage with governments and others to create the political and security conditions to hold national elections and ensure structural reform.
“Now is not the time to let Haiti fall off the agenda“The special envoy stated.