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First confirmed case of monkeypox reported in India; Here are the signs, symptoms and treatment


Just three days ago, the WHO held an emergency meeting to decide whether monkeypox was a global health threat. Just last month, the UN agency refused to declare it a global emergency. With a confirmed case in India now, people are naturally panicking. Earlier in June, a girl in Ghaziabad was suspected of having the virus but the test results came back negative. Let’s understand what a virus is, its signs and symptoms, and how to treat it.

What is monkeypox?Smallpox in monkeys is an zoonotic disease and is mainly transmitted to humans from wild animals such as rodents and primates, however, human-to-human transmission can also occur. may happen. Smallpox cases in monkeys, both suspected and confirmed, continue to increase in several countries. This is a rare disease and is similar to other pox viruses such as the virus that leads to smallpox. This is the first time the virus has been found outside of Africa.

How does it spread?


Smallpox in monkeys is spread by direct contact with infected animals through scratches, bites, or contact with their wounds or bodily secretions, either directly or indirectly. However, the new cases being reported globally are due to human-to-human transmission. It is also said that sex can also lead to flare-ups.

Signs and symptoms of monkeypox


When a person contracts monkeypox, it does not immediately show symptoms. The incubation period of the virus is believed to be between seven and 21 days.

Common symptoms are:

Fever

Headache

Muscle pain

Backache

Chills

Tired

Swollen lymph nodes

When these symptoms appear, the disease can progress to a rash on the face that can spread to the entire body. They first appear as discolored areas, then turn into solid nodules, fluid-filled blisters, pus-filled blisters like sores, dry nodules before falling off.

The total duration of the disease is from two to four weeks.

Is monkeypox curable?


Although there is no confirmed treatment for monkeypox, some doctors may also prescribe antiviral drugs to control the disease. Several antiviral treatments have been tested that seem to work with few side effects. Furthermore, the smallpox vaccine is said to be 85% effective in treating the disease. The United States is distributing Jynneos vaccine, which is a smallpox and monkeypox vaccine (Live, No Simulation). The vaccine is given in two doses, 28 days apart.

Just like the precautions we have followed when infected with COVID, experts suggest social distancing, wearing face masks, improving ventilation and staying home if sick are some of the methods. recommended to follow.

Every time such viruses sprout their ugly heads, we are reminded that humans and animals are interconnected in a complex way, in which two-thirds of emerging infectious diseases in humans is animal-to-human transmission (animal-to-human transmission).

  1. What can you do to protect yourself?
    Avoid contact with people who have suspected or confirmed monkeypox; Avoid physical contact with anyone who has suspected or confirmed monkeypox; Avoid crowded events; Adhere to good hygiene; Wearing a mask
  2. Can masking help prevent smallpox in monkeys?
    Although the disease is transmitted by intimate contact, wearing a mask can still provide some protection.
  3. Where do lesions first appear?
    According to some experts, lesions associated with monkeypox can be seen in the respiratory tract before being detected on other body parts.



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