DOMINICA, March 10 (IPS) – In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, a strong partnership with more than 200 members is driving efforts to help countries meet their greenhouse gas emissions reduction commitments. and empowering renewable energy, food security and climate adaptation initiatives.A member-led global coalition of 202 countries and organisations, NDC Partner brought attention to climate action by supporting countries’ efforts to develop and implement Country-Defined Contributions (NDCs), which outline their commitments in reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.
As a foundation of Paris Climate Agreement, countries are expected to present revised and increasingly ambitious NDCs to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change every five years. After years of planning, governments are now moving to implement the NDC. They are calling on the technical expertise and financial support of the NDC Partners to catalyze climate action amid the ongoing climate crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic.
Despite the challenges posed by COVID-19, NDC Partners confidently demonstrate that many countries have made progress in addressing climate change and promoting sustainable development.
Although the pandemic has delayed the submission of NDCs and climate action plans by some countries, significant progress has been made towards NDC implementation across three key areas: renewable energy , food security and climate adaptation. Representing the members of the Partnership, including International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO))and International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)discuss the challenges countries face in implementing the NDC in their respective areas and reflect on the successes and lessons learned over the past few years.
“It’s been tough with COVID, but I have to say it’s really remarkable,” said Elizabeth Press, IRENA’s director of program planning and support. “Most countries have been very engaged and working hard to make up the shortfalls. The virtual way of operating is not optimal, but many countries have made it work”. During the last NDC revision cycle, IRENA worked with more than 70 countries to incorporate clean energy goals into their NDCs, a process that Press says has been more collaborative and streamlined this time around. .
“Compare the first round of NDC work that was done in Paris and now, there is a big difference,” she said. “The first round was primarily carried out by environmental and consulting ministries and was not an integrated government process. Now that is different and it gives me hope that this is not just a document that needs to be submitted to the United Nations, but serious consideration and extensive consultation has taken place on how to develop and implement these initiatives. this promise in a climate safe manner. “
Going forward, Press noted that countries have asked for IRENA’s support to ensure a smooth transition to renewable energy through data collection, road mapping, project implementation, and more. projects and other issues related to energy transition, such as food and water security.
Critical to addressing climate change and a recurring theme globally, food security is a top priority for NDC Partner members who acknowledge ending hunger. and achieve The second sustainable development goal requires NDC to embrace agronomy and sustainable agriculture.
In fact, 95% of the NDC listed agriculture as a priority area for climate action. “This is important because agriculture is both a source of greenhouse gas emissions and an important part of the solution to the gas crisis,” said Zitouni Ould-Dada, Deputy Director of the FAO Climate Change Office. mitigation, adaptation and resilience building. , biodiversity and the environment.
According to FAO, The world’s agro-food systems contribute more than 30% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. “When we say agriculture, we include fisheries, forestry and land use,” says Douda.
FAO helps countries raise their ambitions and integrate agriculture and food systems into their NDCs.
“We recently provided technical assistance to 21 countries to accelerate their NDC implementation and enhance their commitment ambitions, and we have facilitated this assistance to countries since. 2017”
Douda says that FAO’s programs ensure that national commitments are translated into actionable policies.
Reflecting on the successes of FAO, he argues that increased access to finance for farmers, greater participation of civil society and women’s organizations in defining commitments on countries’ climates, and a wide range of incentives for farmers are evidence of successful climate action to date.
However, for other Partners members, success can be found in increasing local climate adaptation initiatives or projects designed to help communities mitigate and prepare for the effects of climate change.
Anne Hammill said: “Scaling is important for many countries – particularly those in the Small Island Developing Countries and Least Developed Countries groups – that have contributed little It is the largest contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, but is most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. , IISD Senior Director of Resilience Programs.
The IISD notes that many countries are now including information on how to prepare for climate threats and disasters as part of their NDC reports.
Through Global Network of National Adaptation Plans (NAP), IISD helps countries identify and achieve adaptation priorities by working with civic groups and civil society. Hammill points to partnerships with the governments of Costa Rica and Tonga as recent examples of successful cooperation on climate actions.
Hammill said: “In Costa Rica, we worked with the government to launch the Next Season project that provides a haven for artists to take creative approaches to informing the public about political climate book. “In Tonga, we assisted the government in organizing the first media engagement workshop on their national climate plan, as well as preparing a report to track progress in the plan. their national climate plan and work to revise their Climate Change Policy.”
According to Hammill, many countries are moving from planning to action and “linking adaptation projects on the ground to the broader national mission and vision outlined in their NAP and NDC”. For IISD, the NDC Partners are instrumental in addressing an important area of concern: coordination of support.
“There is a very diverse support landscape for countries and relatively limited navigability, let alone absorbing those supports,” says Hammill. “This coordination challenge can be particularly acute in LDCs and SIDS countries and can impede progress, let alone efficient use of resources.”
Acknowledging that decisive action on climate is not easy, members of the NDC Partnership say national climate teams continue to face challenges, including lack of funding, inadequate staffing , knowledge and resource shortages related to climate and planning tools.
However, with the resources, expertise and funding of the Partnership, Member States and organizations are finding ways to jointly promote sustainable development and local climate action, emphasizing the value of of collective action.
With the release Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)Latest evaluation report On the impact of climate change on ecosystems, biodiversity and communities at the global and regional levels this week, the need for collective action is clearer than ever.
The report’s findings underscore the urgency of global adaptation efforts to accelerate climate action, efforts that the Partners are committed to supporting. By acting together, NDC Partner members are working to ensure countries are better prepared for the impacts of climate change, now and for future generations.
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