‘Effort and patience’ required to restore Iran nuclear agreement |

In the landmark agreement, officially known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) – In 2015 between Iran, the United States, China, France, Russia and Britain – Iran agreed to dismantle much of its nuclear program and open its facilities to international inspections to in exchange for sanctions.

In 2018, then-President Trump withdrew the US from the agreement and restored sanctions.

Achieving a turning point in the JCPOA requires resolute diplomacy. Restoring it will require extra effort and patiencespeak United Nations Political Affairs chief, Rosemary DiCarlo.

Although the landmark Joint Committee to Restore the Plan resumed in November 2021, she acknowledged that despite their determination to address the issues, the United States and other participants remained has not yet returned to “full and effective implementation of the Plan, and [Security Council] 2231″ resolution.

Attractive to both

Together with the Secretary-General, she called on Iran and the United States to “move quickly” in “spirit and commitment” to resume cooperation under the JCPOA.

They welcomed the US reinstatement of waivers for nuclear non-proliferation projects in February and called on the country to lift sanctions, as outlined in the Plan, and to extend waivers. oil trade.

Together, they called on Iran to reverse steps it had taken that were inconsistent with its nuclear-related commitments in the Plan.

Monitoring get rich

While the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have been unable to verify the stockpile of enriched uranium in Iran, which estimates that there are now more than 15 times the amount allowed under the JCPOA, including uranium enriched to 20 and 60%, which Ms. worrying period”.

Furthermore, on 8 and 20 June, the IAEA reported that Iran had begun to install more advanced centrifuges at the Fuel Enrichment Plant in Natanz and began supplying uranium to the advanced centrifuges. at the Fuel Enrichment Plant in Fordow.

In his latest report, IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi informed the Council that the UN agency’s ability to verify and confirm the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear activities is key. key for JCPOA to fully and effectively implement.

Iran’s decision to remove the field cameras and place them and the data they collect under the Agency’s seal, “could have adverse effects”.

Improved ‘key’ relationship

Bilateral and regional initiatives to improve relations with Iran remain “key” and should be encouraged and built up, according to Ms. DiCarlo.

In addition, Member States and the private sector are encouraged to use commercially available tools to engage with Iran, and Tehran is required to address their concerns regarding 2231 . resolution (2015) on its nuclear problems.

The senior UN official also drew attention to Annex B of the resolution, updating ambassadors on the Council on provisions relating to nuclear, ballistic missiles and asset freezes. .

We hope that diplomacy will prevail – Political Head of the United Nations

Victory for multilateralism

JCPOA is a victory for nuclear non-proliferation and multilateralism“The head of political affairs of the United Nations said.

However, after years of uncertainty, she warned that the Plan was now at “a key tipping point” and encouraged Iran and the US to build on recent momentum to address remaining issues.

“The Secretary-General believes that there is only one path to lasting peace and security for all Member States, and that is the path based on dialogue and cooperation. “We hope that diplomacy will prevail.”

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