Diabetes warning: Skipping breakfast causes ‘major damage’ study warns

Type 2 diabetes is the result of poor insulin production. The main role of insulin – a hormone naturally secreted by the pancreas – is to regulate blood sugar. Without enough insulin, blood sugar levels rise and the results can be devastating. Therefore, if you have type 2 diabetes, you must find alternative methods to correct high blood sugar.

According to research published in the journal Diabetes Care, skipping breakfast can be disastrous.

Research shows that people with type 2 diabetes who skip breakfast are at increased risk for blood sugar spikes and further deterioration in insulin function.

The study, carried out by researchers from Tel Aviv University, adds to a growing body of research highlighting the importance of breakfast for people with type 2 diabetes.

“Despite the fact that many previous studies have demonstrated the benefits of a high-calorie breakfast in weight loss and in regulating glucose metabolism, very little is known about the effects of skipping breakfast on the with an increase in blood sugar after meals throughout the day,” says. Professor Daniela Jakubowicz, one of the lead researchers of the study.

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The study included 22 participants, each with type 2 diabetes. The average age of the study group was 56.9 years old. All participants ate the same diet for two days, which included a balanced meal of milk, tuna, bread, and a chocolate bar.

However, on the second day, the participants did not eat breakfast. Professor Jakubowicz explains: “We hypothesized that skipping breakfast would be unhealthy, but it was surprising to see such a high degree of impaired glucose metabolism just because the participants didn’t eat it. morning,” explained Professor Jakubowicz.

“For people with type 2 diabetes, skipping breakfast was associated with significant increases in all-day blood sugar and HbA1c, which represents average blood glucose levels over the previous three months.”

Researchers observed peak blood sugar (sugar) levels of 14.9 after lunch and 16.6 after dinner. After lunch and dinner identical to breakfast on the first day, the participants peaked at 10.7 after lunch and 11.9 after dinner.

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Research argues that including breakfast as part of your daily diet is more important than the specific foods you eat. Following a low-carb diet — or any other diet for that matter — will obviously have little effect on blood sugar if you skip breakfast.

“This means that reducing the amount of starches and sugars in lunch and dinner will have no effect on reducing elevated glucose levels if people with diabetes also skip breakfast,” says Jakubowicz.

The study can’t explain exactly why skipping breakfast causes blood sugar spikes, but the researchers hypothesize that pancreatic beta cells “forget” what they’re supposed to do if they don’t eat breakfast. The time interval between meals is too long.

It takes beta cells a while to memorize, so insulin responses aren’t as effective as expected for a while. The end result is elevated blood sugar.

Another theory is that not eating for too long increases fatty acids in the blood, which makes insulin less effective than it should be.

“According to our study, we strongly advise type 2 diabetics not to skip breakfast, as it greatly damages beta cell function and leads to high, even blood sugar levels,” said Prof. even if they don’t overeat at lunch and dinner. Jakubowicz.

The study didn’t look at the impact of skipping breakfast on people with type 1 diabetes. The researchers said it would be the next step at the time.

Other health authorities echoed this warning. “Skipping breakfast — without it — can raise blood sugar levels after both lunch and dinner,” says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Other blood sugar triggers include:

  • Sunburn — pain causes tension and stress raises blood sugar
  • Artificial sweeteners — more research is needed, but some research suggests they can raise blood sugar
  • Coffee — even without sweeteners. Some people’s blood sugar is extremely sensitive to caffeine
  • Insomnia — even one night of too little sleep can make your body use insulin worse
  • Skipping breakfast — not having it can spike blood sugar after both lunch and dinner
  • Time of day — the later, the harder to control blood sugar
  • Dawn phenomenon — people have early morning hormone spikes whether they have diabetes or not. For people with diabetes, blood sugar can spike
  • Dehydration — less water in your body means more concentrated blood sugar
  • Nasal sprays — some have chemicals that trigger your liver to make more blood sugar
  • Gum disease — it’s both a complication of diabetes and a spike in blood sugar.

Type 2 diabetes – do you have it?

Many people have type 2 diabetes without realizing it. This is because symptoms don’t necessarily make you feel unwell.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Urinating more than usual, especially at night
  • Feeling thirsty all the time
  • Feel very tired
  • Lose weight without trying
  • Itching around your penis or vagina or constant thrush
  • A cut or wound that takes a long time to heal
  • Blurred vision.

Because of its vague symptoms, type 2 diabetes is often diagnosed after blood or urine tests are done to look for other conditions, the NHS says.

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