Canada’s Foreign Minister – Global Affairs says today’s crises underscore need for more multilateralism, stronger UN

“These crises and how we choose to respond to them are testing our shared commitment to the United Nations. That’s why our decisions are now more important than ever,” Canada’s Foreign Minister, Mélanie Joly, said at the General Assembly’s annual high-level debate on Monday.

‘More multilateralism, not less’

“We have a choice – either we respect and defend the rules that we have developed over generations and that have brought us the longest period of peace in modern history or we accept that rules can be broken by the strong, sending us back to a dark age of constant tension and conflict, with massive displacements, suffering and loss of life .

“For Canada, the choice is clear: we believe we need more multilateralism, not less; we need the UN more, not less; and we need an effective, efficient, relevant and accountable UN”.

Regarding Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Ms. Joly said the 193-member General Assembly spoke out clearly and confidently.

“Russian aggression towards Ukraine violates” uncharted. It hits the heart of the commitment we all have made in building this Foundation out of the dark tragedy of World War II. Instead of complying with the decisions of this Board and legally binding orders from International Court of JusticeRussia doubled down, even in a desperate attempt to justify the unwarranted impossibility. “

Note that while the whole world gathered in New York, President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia would send more young people to the war.

“For Putin, this is a life-and-death battle; For Ukraine, it’s a fight for life,” said Joly.

The impact of this “illegal” war has been profoundly felt around the world, she continued. “We must tackle the global food security crisis and other consequences of illegal invasion with imagination and determination.

“And those who break the law must be met with force of the law. A permanent seat on Security Council is not a license to kill or to silence anyone, and it is never a guarantee of punishment. “

No country is left behind’

Moving on to the other big challenges, Ms. Joly emphasized the need to redouble efforts to achieve Sustainable development goalsand reforming international financial institutions to enable them to adapt to today’s crises.

“No country is left behind,” she stressed, adding that Canada is working with partners to reform the international financial system in a fair and equitable manner, which is very important. important for equity and for global peace and stability.

Canada, she continued, pledging to stop COVID-19 pandemic, as well as tackling HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. Last week, Prime Minister Trudeau pledged to invest $1.2 billion in these efforts;

‘More pressing on climate’

On climate change, Joly said the world must act with the same urgency as during the COVID pandemic.

“From the Arctic to the small island states, climate change is an existential threat and we are feeling its effects every day,” she said. “Canada has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40 to 45 percent by 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, and we have a credible plan to do that.”

There is no simple solution to the challenges facing the world, she noted. “But it is clear that isolating yourself, disregarding the rule of law and forcing people to be silent is against progress. And yet, some countries are restricting civil liberties, violating human rights, and conducting widespread surveillance of their populations.

“This trend of authoritarianism is extremely worrying,” she said, drawing special attention to China’s Xinjiang region.

On human rights, there is no ‘protection of the indomitable’

Likewise, Canada is concerned about human rights repression in some countries. “We know that human rights are universal in nature. Therefore, we cannot hide behind the pretext of national sovereignty to infringe them; There are limits to what is indisputable. “

Ms. Joly also highlighted the equal rights of women and girls as crucial to peace, justice and prosperity. Canada will push back against growing attacks on women’s rights and freedoms – from Afghanistan, where the Taliban are preventing women and girls from going to school, to Myanmar, where women openly call for a return. democrats were detained by the military government , tortured and subjected to “horrific” acts of sexual violence.

“In Iran,” she continued, “women protesting Mahsa Amini’s death are experiencing arrests and bullets. We applaud their courage and join them in sending a strong message that women’s rights are human rights.

“Today, Prime Minister Trudeau announced that Canada will punish those responsible, including Iran’s so-called ethics police and its leadership.”

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